indianriceexporters.com

Ever since man began consuming food, rice has been a part of his staple diet. Today rice sustains over two-thirds of the world's population, clearly highlighting its importance as a major food product. Indian climatic conditions are very favorable for growing rice and the main areas for rice cultivation are are West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Maharashtra, Kannataka, Haryana, Gujarat, Kerala, Jammu- Kashmir, Tripura, Meghalaya, Manipur, Rajasthan, Nagaland, Arunanchal Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Mirozam, Goa, Pondicherry, Sikkim, A & N Island and D & N Haveli.

Types of Rice
There are primarily three distinct varieties of rice:
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Japonica rice that accounts for around 12 percent of global rice trade
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Basmati rice accounts for around 10 percent of global trade
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Glutinous rice accounts for most of the remainder.

The main rice varieties grown in India are:
Abhaya, Aditya, ADT 37, ADT 38, ADT 40, Ajaya, Ananda, APD 36, APHR-1, APHR-2, AU 2, Avinash, Barkat, Basmati 217, BASMATI 370, BHADRA, BTP 5204, CHINA 988, CNRH-3, CO 45, CR 1016, CR 138 928, CTH 3, DRRH-1, FR 43 B, Gayatri, Gora types, Himalaya 741, Himdhan, HKR126, Huskalam, Intan, IR 22 / 36 / 28 / 34 / 42 / 50 / 62 / 64, Jagannath, Jaishree, Janki, JAYA, Jyothi, Jyoti, K 332, K 39 KALINGA 3, KANCHAN, KASTHURI=IET 8580, Kasturi, KAU 1531, Kaveri, KHITTISCH, KHP-2, KIRAN, KRH 1, Krishna Hamsa, KUNTI, Madhu, MAHSURI, Mahsuri white, Manasarovar, MANGALA, MGR-1, MO 5, MTU 7029, MUKHI (CTH 1), Nagarjuna, NIDHI (IET9994), PANT DHAN 10 / 12 / 4 / 6, PAVIZHAM=MO 6, PHALGUNA, PR103 / 106, PRASANA, Pravana, PRH-1, Pusa basmati 1, PY3, RADHA, Rasi, Salivahana, SARJOO 52, Sasyasree, SUDHA, Suraksha, SUREKHA, SWARMA, Swarnadhan, SWARNAPRABAHA, TULSI, UDAYA, Vibhava and Vikramarya.

Many measures such as adoption of new cultivation techniques, development of various varieties etc have been initiated to increase cropping intensity of India. Because of these measures the production figures have exceeded over 100 million tonnes annually, since 1988. India has been regularly exporting high quality basmati rice (aromatic) and non basmati rice exports, for over (US) $800 million per annum. Over 80% of Basmati rice grown in India is produced for export.

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